Calera and Mina de Ibor

They took advantage of the unevenness of the terrain to build the necessary infrastructure, which usually consisted of a round well about 2.5 meters wide and 3 or 4 meters high. In this way, almost half of the shaft was held against the earth itself, the lower part was where the fire that was to convert the limestone into quicklime was fed.

Then with water it was transformed, it was extinguished, the ancients said, because quicklime was very dangerous because it burned what came in contact with it. Everything is quite removed and the lower part is not fully visible. By holm oak we find the vein, a large hollow that served as a quarry.

Camino de la Avellaneda
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Lime is one of those very necessary elements in everyday life. Its use in construction is essential, even more so with ancient techniques, when modern cements or concretes did not exist. lime mixed with sand made a very hard paste that was used as a glue between stones or bricks. lime was also used to paint the walls, while its disinfectant action had an important effect on the surroundings.

These lime kilns have been in operation until the middle of the 20th century. the existence of this mineral in important, almost superficial veins has favored this industry, whose origins are lost in time, perhaps it already began with the first inhabitants in very remote times.